Bearing knowledge - the fit and use of bearings?

2023/03/13 15:35

Fitting of bearings

I. Choice of fit

The inner diameter and outer diameter of rolling bearings are manufactured according to standard tolerances. The tightness of the fit between the inner ring and the shaft and between the outer ring and the seat hole can only be achieved by controlling the tolerance of the journal and the tolerance of the seat hole. The inner ring of the bearing and the shaft are fitted with the base hole system, and the outer ring of the bearing and the seat hole are fitted with the base shaft system.

The correct choice of fit must know the actual load conditions, operating temperature and other requirements of the bearing, which in practice is very difficult. Therefore, most cases are based on the use of fine research to select the fit.

Second, the size of the load

Collar and shaft or shell between the amount of over-win depends on the size of the load, the heavier load using a larger over-win, lighter load using a smaller over-win

Precautions for use

Rolling bearings are precision parts, so in the use of the corresponding requirements of caution, even if the use of high-performance bearings, if not used properly, is not to achieve the expected performance results. Therefore, the use of bearings should pay attention to the following matters.

First, keep the bearing and its surrounding environment clean. Even a very small amount of dust into the bearing, it will intensify the bearing wear, vibration and noise.

Second, the installation should be careful, do not allow strong stamping, no direct knocking of the bearing, and no pressure transfer through the rolling body.

Third, use the correct installation tools, try to use special tools, strongly avoid the use of cloth and short fiber and other things.

Fourth, to prevent the corrosion of the bearing rust, do not directly hold the bearing by hand, to be coated with high-quality mineral oil before operation, in the rainy season and summer, especially pay attention to rust prevention

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